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1958: William Higinbotham developed an analogue computer with vacuum tube at the New York Brookhaven Laboratory. At that time, computers were running slowly, and Willim Higinbotham saw dots bouncing on the screen. It came in your thoughts he could play a golf game on the computer at the time
1960: William Higinbotham introduces the computer game he developed. This is a straightforward tennis simulation.
1962: Research assistant Steve Russell at the Hingham Institute in Cambridge-Massachusetts developed a spaceship game with a two-player game option and torpedo launching features.
1969: Steve Russell moved to Stanford University, and the game he developed attracted great interest from engineering students here. One of these brilliant students was Nolan Bushnell.
1971: Bushnell took Russell’s game and reorganized it with the notion of ”getting computer games in to the entertainment industry”, thereby creating the very first coin game machine. His name was “Computer Space “.
1971-1981: After the development of this game, Nutting Associates bought the rights with this game for $ 500 and produced another 1500 machines. But this game did not see the expected attention. Fortunately Bushnell was quick to comprehend why. People were not even used to controlling things on the television screen. Busnell started his own game development company with $ 500 of earnings. His name was “Atari “.
Bushnell hired an engineer named Alan Alcorn and asked him to produce the simplest playable computer game. Alcorn went back with a game title called “Pong “.This game was played by controlling two rectangles that could move up and down, sending the moving point over the middle line and sending it to at least one side.
However, Bushnell went back to any manufacturer. Bushnell also put his prototype in a large part of a bar in California. At the end of the initial day, he received a call saying the game was broken. When he went to repair it, he immediately realized what the situation was. The coin was stuck since the thrown part was full !!! So computer games started coming. Atari became the fastest growing company in 1981. But Bushnell had sold the $ 500 company to Warner Communications in 1976 for $ 28 million.
Many new companies grew to become established in early 80s. Epyx, Broderbund, Sierra Online and SSI were established as of this time.
1977: Atari wreaked havoc having its 2600 model. Games like “Burgertime” and “PC Man” were finally on the market to be played at home. The parents were also happy simply because they saved their children from playing with coins.
1981: The popularity of gaming machines increased. Apple’s, Atari’s and TRS-80’s were on the shelves, manufacturers started to create many games. In those days, manufacturers were producing tape cassette games that were more useful than diskettes of 5’25 ”at the time. Until the 90’s, cassettes were preferred, but with the speed of 90s, floppy disks were preferred.
1982: “Zork I” for Apple II, “Choplifter” by Broderbund and “Olympic Decathlon” by Microsoft, that has been newly established at that time. In those days, this trial of Microsoft in the game industry wasn’t very successful. This is exactly why Microsoft hasn’t entered the gaming industry for a lengthy time. Also in this year, Access Software, Electronic Arts and Lucasfilm Games (Lucas Arts) were founded.
1983: In this year, Apple II had to offer solution to the brand new Atari 400 and Atari 800. Electronic Arts produced its first game and announced its game having an ambitious title in magazines.
1984: Game machines with cartridges suddenly disappeared. – The magazine Computer Gaming World explains this situation the following: “In 1983, these machines climbed to the top and fell from that summit in 1984.” Meanwhile, Commodore and floppy machines received more attention. The reason why the C-64 or Atari 800 got more attention was the same as the PCs are currently preferred to the consoles. On these new machines, you may do things besides games. The excuse of families is, “Our kids can write programs and learn new things. It’s not only for the game. ” It was.
Meanwhile, IBM produced a small PC. This PC 5’25 ”floppy drive included 2 cartridge cavities and a straightforward DOS version. Unfortunately, during those times, this more complicated machine was more costly than others, and few companies could support it. It is worth mentioning that this small PC is extremely disappointed and is based on IBM’s door to obtain people’s money back.