1958: William Higinbotham developed an analogue computer with vacuum tube at the New York Brookhaven Laboratory. In those days, computers were running slowly, and Willim Higinbotham saw dots bouncing on the screen. It came to mind that he could play a golf game on the computer at the time
1960: William Higinbotham introduces the computer game he developed. This is an easy tennis simulation.
1962: Research assistant Steve Russell at the Hingham Institute in Cambridge-Massachusetts developed a spacecraft game with a two-player game option and torpedo launching features.
1969: Steve Russell moved to Stanford University, and the overall game he developed attracted great interest from engineering students here. One of these simple students was Nolan Bushnell.
1971: Bushnell took Russell’s game and reorganized it with the idea of ”getting computer games into the entertainment industry”, thereby creating the very first coin game machine. His name was “Computer Space “.
1971-1981: Following the development of the game, Nutting Associates bought the rights of this game for $ 500 and produced another 1500 machines. But this game did not see the expected attention. Fortunately Bushnell was quick to understand why. Everyone was not even used to controlling things on the tv screen. Busnell started his own game development company with $ 500 of earnings. His name was “Atari “.
Bushnell hired an engineer named Alan Alcorn and asked him to develop the simplest playable computer game. Alcorn went back with a game title called “Pong “.This game was played by controlling two rectangles that will move up and down, sending the moving point over the middle line and sending it to one side.
However, Bushnell went back to any manufacturer. Bushnell also put his prototype in a corner of a club in California. At the conclusion of the initial day, he received a telephone call saying the game was broken. When he went to fix it, he immediately realized what the situation was. The coin was stuck because the thrown part was full !!! So computer games started coming. Atari became the fastest growing company in 1981. But Bushnell had sold the $ 500 company to Warner Communications in 1976 for $ 28 million.
Many new companies started to be established in early 80s. Epyx, Broderbund, Sierra Online and SSI were established at this time.
1977: Atari wreaked havoc having its 2600 model. Games like “Burgertime” and “PC Man” were finally on the market to be played at home. The parents were also happy since they saved their children from playing with coins.
1981: The popularity of gaming machines increased. Apple’s, Atari’s and TRS-80’s were on the shelves, manufacturers started to create many games. During those times, manufacturers were producing tape cassette games that were more useful than diskettes of 5’25 ”at the time. Until the 90’s, cassettes were preferred, but with the speed of 90s, floppy disks were preferred.
1982: “Zork I” for Apple II, “Choplifter” by Broderbund and “Olympic Decathlon” by Microsoft, that was newly established at that time. In those days, this trial of Microsoft in the game industry was not very successful. This is exactly why Microsoft has not entered the gaming industry for a very long time. Also in this season, Access Software, Electronic Arts and Lucasfilm Games (Lucas Arts) were founded.
1983: In this season, Apple II had to give solution to the newest Atari 400 and Atari 800. Electronic Arts produced its first game and announced its game with an ambitious title in magazines.
1984: Game machines with cartridges suddenly disappeared. – The magazine Computer Gaming World explains this situation as follows: “In 1983, these machines climbed to the utmost effective and fell from that summit in 1984.” Meanwhile, Commodore and floppy machines received more attention. The key reason why the C-64 or Atari 800 got more attention was exactly like the PCs are preferred to the consoles. On these new machines, you might do things apart from games. The excuse of families is, “Our children can write programs and learn new things. It’s not merely for the game. ” It was.
Meanwhile, IBM produced a small PC. This PC 5’25 ”floppy drive included 2 cartridge cavities and a simple DOS version. Unfortunately, at that time, this more technical machine was more costly than others, and few companies could support it. It is worth mentioning this small PC is very disappointed and is based on IBM’s door to obtain people’s money back.